Karadaiyan Nombu is observed on a chosen day when the transition takes place between two Tamil months, namely, Panguni and Massi. It is observed at the exact time when the Tamil month of Massi ends and the month of Panguni begins. According to the Georgian calendar, it is observed in the month of March. This year it falls on March 14, 2018. When a married woman observes fasting on the day, she ensures the long life, good health and welfare of her husband. Goddess Parvathi in the form of Gowri is propitiated on the day by offering specially steamed patties called Karadai and that’s how the day got its name.The karadiyan Nombu falls on a Meena Sankranti day when the sun moves from Kumba Rashi to Meena Rashi and is celebrated somewhere during the junction of the Tamil month Maasi and Panguni. The word “Karadai” is the name of special navedyam that is prepared especially for this day. It is a special offering to God on the occasion of Karadaiyan Nombu. The word “Nombu” literally means fast or vart. This fast is very common among Tamil married women but is celebrated in other parts of India too.
Important timing of Karadaiyan Nombu
14-Mar-2020 06:40 AM
14-Mar-2020 18:31 PM
Karadaiyan Nombu Vratham Timing
06:40 AM - 05:46 AM
Manjal Saradu Muhurtham
15-Mar-2019 05:46 AM
Special Rituals Of Karadiyan Nombu
Shodasa Mahalakshmi Homam- This is the special ritual to be performed on the occasion of Karadiyan Nombu. Shodasa means 16 and each of the forms grant fame, knowledge, courage, strength, victory, good children, valour, gold, food grains, happiness, intelligence, bliss, beauty, high achievements, greater thinking and knowledge, morality and ethics, good health and long life. With the worship of Mahalakshmi on the occasion of Karadiyan Nombu the devoted soul will surely get blessings from the Goddess Mahalakshmi.
Sri Sukhta Homam-on the holy day of Karadiyan Nombu the devotes perform very powerful yagya for attracting wealth and prosperity. This powerful yagya is a boon for those devotees who are desperately seeking wealth or suffering from serious financial strain.
Gowri Puja-On the spiritual day of Karadiyan Nombu the married women praise Goddess Gowri by offering special Prasadam prepared for this special occasion only. The Goddess Guari will keep women Sumangali (happily married) and Soubhagyavati (having all fortunes in life). The basic concept is that married women will ensure their safety from widowhood.
Mahalakshmi Yantra Puja- The Mahalakshmi yantra is very auspicious. the devoted souls who will offer prayers on the occasion of Karadiyan Nombu will surely be blessed with vast worldly treasures. The Mahalakshmi Yantra will grant them opportunities for wealth, success and fame.
Kolhapur Mahalakshmi Temple Puja- The Kolhapur Mahalakshmi Temple is one of the 108 Shakthi Peethas of Goddess Shakthi. The goddess fulfills all desires and also grants salvation. On the occasion of Karadiyan Nombu, this is one of the most special rituals.
Energized Lakshmi Statue-The energized statute of Goddess Lakshmi grants fortune, wealth, beauty, fertility and auspiciousness to their devotees.
Karadiyan Nombu basic Rituals
The married women takes holy bath early morning on the occasion of Karadiyan Nombu. Karadayan Nombu is also known as Karadayan Vratam or Savitri Vratham. Unmarried girls keep this fast for getting good husband and fortune.
The devoted soul prepares the house for pooja which includes cleaning and decorating with mango leaves and drawing of kolam.
The devotees prepare Karadai thread or Manjal Saradu (Take a yellow thread and tie few flowers and two pieces of turmeric pieces in the middle. When the thread is tied around the neck, the flowers will be like a decoration on a necklace and the turmeric in the center like a pendant) and Karadai dish. ( It is prepared with karamani or toor gram and fresh butter).
The fast begins at sunrise and ends when Maasi Month ends and Panguni begins.
The devoted souls can have fruits, milk but cooked meals are prohibited on the spiritual day of Karadiyan Nombu.
An hour or half before the exact transition time, place the banana leaf on the kolam or the puja area and place Karadai dish on the leaf.
Other items to place on the leaf are the betel leaf, betel nut, fruits, coconut, banana and butter.
Ten minutes or a couple of minutes before the exact transition time, the Nivedita is offered to the goddess.
The devotes offer “Arti” to the goddess Gauri by ringing the bells.
Then the devotee can wear the yellow thread with flowers and turmeric around the neck.
After prayers , the fast is broken by eating a Karadai adai. That which is left on the banana leaf is distributed as prasad along with Karadai dish.
Tamil Mantra For the Karadiyan Nombu
Urugda Venaiyum oru adai nveithan.
Oru kaalam yen kanavan yenaai piriyatha iruka vendum
(I offer adai and butter to you. So that my husband and I never separate).
Karadaiyan Nombu-Hindu Mythological Story
According to the Hindu mythology long ago there was a king named Atapattu. He was devotee of Sun God Savitr and lived ascetically. He is childless and wished for a child to save his lineage. Savitr blessed him with a girl child for his devotion and the girl was named Savitri to honour the Savitr. She was virtuous and highly talented. The king had told his daughter that she had the freedom to choose her husband. Once when Savitri was moving in the forest, she observed a boy named Satyavan carrying a long pole with two baskets hanging in the ends. In those baskets the blind and aged parents of the boy were seated. Satyavan was serving his parents meticulously which moved Savitri. She said her father that she wished that such a noble son became her husband. In order to fulfill her daughter’s wish Astapathi enquired about the satyavan. The sage, Narad said that Satyavan was a prince and son of the kingly couple he was carrying. But according to the position of the celestial bodies in the horoscope of Satyavan , he will not live more than a year after his marriage. The Astapathi requested her daughter not to marry Satyavan, as he is having short life. But Savitri was persistent in her demand that she would marry only Satyavan. Ashtapati was helpless and in order to fulfill Savitri’s heartfelt desire to marry Satyvan , he agreed and the marriage happened. Savitri became the wife of Stayavan. Savitri and Satyavan were living in the forest happily for a year following their marriage. However, Savitri was aware that the death of Satyavan was approaching soon. Three days prior to the destined day of death of Satyavan, Savitri takes a vow of fasting and vigil. Although her in-laws suggest that she’s taking too hard of herself, she insists that she has taken an oath to perform them. She was observing strict vrats and was engaged in ardent prayers. On the day when the month of Masi would merge into Panguni, Lord Yama arrived to take away the life of Satyavan who fell dead. Savitri followed the god of death moving with the soul of Satyavan. Lord Yama was impressed by her approach and wisdom and he granted three boons to Savitri .
Three vital Boons
#Savitri asked for the eyesight, Kingdom restoration for her father-in-law
#100 children for her father (Ashtapati)
#virtuous sons to herself (Savitri) through Satyavan
In order to fulfill the third boon , Lord Yama had to leave Satyavan back to live with her. In this way, Savitri won the life of her husband with her diligence, chastity prayers and cleverness.
As the Savitri has won her husband’s life . The married women too prays a long life of her husband and blissful marital life on the occassion of Karadaiyan Nombu. Savitri, the most famous legendry woman and the symbol of chastity was the one who initiated the Karadaiyan Nombu. It is believed that this event happened on the first day of Panguni month. And hence this day is celebrated as the Karadaiyaan Nombu in Tamil Nadu. On this day the married women and Young girls wear Yellow threads and pray to Goddess Gowri for long lives for their husbands. Young and unmarried women practice this in order to find a good husband in the future.
Celebrations of Karadaiyan Nombu in India
Karadaiyan Nonbu is a festival of special significance to married women all over Southern India including states like Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Kerala and Andhra Pradesh. Karadayan Nonbu is similar to that of Soubhagya Gauri Vratam or Gauri Tritiya vratam which is observed in Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka, Gangaur vrat of Rajasthan, Jyeshta Gauri Vrat of Maharashtra, Hartalika Teej Vrat Puja of Bihar, and Karwa Chauth of North Indian states. It is similar to Vat Savitri vrat observed in Bengal, Gujarat, Odisha and some other places of India. In Delhi Karadaiyan Nombu is similar to Karwa Chauth. The tale of Savithri's conquest of death through a combination of love and intelligence is very well known throughout India and has been presented in many ways.