Which is the first temple in the world?


By: Megha

Few miles away from Urfa lies the first old temple known as Gobekli Tepe. Found in the ancient city in south-eastern zone of Turkey, the German archaeologist Schmidt made an astonishing discovery after he searched 11000 years old massive carved stones which crafted and preserved by prehistoric people who were not able to develop metal tools. The existence of monoliths in the temple depict that the temple was constructed in Stonehenge period for some 6000 years ago.  

The artificial mound formed in it consist of phases which includes social belief and ritual nature ranging back to 10th-8th millennium BCE. At the time of first phase, the Pre-Pottery Neolithic A (PNNA) belongings which included massive T-shaped stone pillars were erected. It includes more than two hundred pillars in the area of around twenty circles whose information is granted by geophysical surveys. The second phase of Pre-Pottery Neolithic B (PNNB) belongings include erected smaller pillars which are structured in rectangular rooms consisting of polished lime. According to many archaeological surveys, many archaeologists searched that structure if this temple is still intricate and the famous archaeologist Klaus Schmidt has revealed that the site was a kind of sanctuary where the people belonging from different regions assembled but never got settled. This temple got recognition in 1963, when Istanbul University along with University of Chicago conduced as rigorous survey which was the hard core and team work of many historians too. Peter Benedict, an American archaeologist got mistaken when he realised that lithic he collected was superimposed by a Byzantine cemetery and was not from the belongings of Aceramic Neolithic. It seemed that centuries’ old temple was inhabited for many generations and the local inhabitants had subsequently moved the rocks and stored them in piles which have created turbulence in the upper layers of the site.    

Like the findings of Schmidt got printed in the suggested novel based on theory of civilizations which consisted researched notes of many great scholars too. It is said by historians that civilization took place after when the people acknowledged the farming procedures. Afterwards, with the help of many organizations and resources they constructed temples by supporting modified social structures. At other way, it did not match the philosophies of Schmidt as he argued that far-reaching and synchronized effort of masons who built monoliths and suggested the ways to build the groundwork for establishing complex societies.    

It is quite interesting to the fact that the world first temple whose remains are found in Turkey has the connection with Hindu mythology. As in the recent years, sculptures of Hanuman were discovered and many historians still believe that the place has a connection with Shiva. Later to this year, a vulture stone was also discovered in the Gobekli Tepe and it is confirmed that it is the first pictogram of its historical significance. The temple has been evacuating site and matter of research for many anthropologists who have studied about the generations of inhabitants who lived in this region.